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Area: 68401,0 sq. M. km.
Tasmania & ndash; This is an Australian state, which is located on the homonymous island, located 240 kilometers from the mainland. The area of the state is 68401 square meters. The capital of Tasmania is the city of Hobart, and among the major cities worth noting Devonport, Bernie, Launceston. The island is washed by the Pacific, Indian Ocean, and from the mainland of Australia is separated by the Bass Strait.
In Tasmania, because of the predominantly mountainous terrain, there are many rivers, the largest of which can be called Derwent, Teimer-Macquarie. Most of the population belongs to Anglo-Australians, who were formed as a result of the arrival of immigrants from Ireland and the United Kingdom. The national language is English with a local peculiar accent. Residents of Tasmania mostly profess Christianity, namely Catholicism, Protestantism, Anglicanism and Orthodoxy. Only about 4% of residents profess Islam.
The island of Tasmania was discovered by Abel Tasmanov in the distant 1642 year. Initially, he was given the name Vandimenovaya Zemlya, but in the middle of the 19th century a decision was made to rename the island and name it in honor of the Dutch navigator, who opened it. Initially, Tasmania was heavily populated by Tasmanian aborigines. At the time when immigrants from Europe began arriving here, all the Tasmanians were divided into nine ethnic groups. The first settlement of Europeans in Tasmania was founded in 1803 right at the mouth of the river called Derwent, sent to the island from Sydney specifically to prevent the encroachment of the French on the island. Among the first settlers were mainly representatives of armed guards and convicts. In consequence, about 75,000 convicts were transported here.
The state's economy has been subjected to constant and cyclical fluctuations throughout its history, but has been constantly developing and has been fairly stable. Including the fact that the state could become one of the world centers of shipbuilding. Today in Tasmania are actively engaged in mining, and the capital Hobart is considered the main base for Australia's connection with Antarctica.
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