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Immigration to Uruguay.

Immigration to Uruguay.
Immigration to Uruguay, then known as the Eastern Strip, began with the arrival of Spanish settlers during the colonial period,.
Uruguay is a multi-ethnic nation, consisting of various groups. American Indians inhabited the territory of Uruguay for several millennia before the Spanish conquest in the 16th century. The Spaniards and Africans arrived at the time of colonization.
The immigration period reached its peak between 1870 and 1920; then Montevideo was mostly inhabited by immigrants.
In April 1831, government forces destroyed most of the Indians under the command of General Fruquuoso Rivera.
Among the peoples who settled in the territory of Uruguay and formed the basis of society, the Spaniards and Italians, along with the descendants of African slaves, should be singled out. There are also significant national minorities: Armenians, Austrians, Basques, English, Bulgarians, Croats, French, Germans, Greeks, Gypsies, Hungarians, Irish, Jews, Lebanese, Lithuanians, Poles, Russians, Slovaks, Slovenes, Swiss, Ukrainians. There are also very small Asian communities, mainly from China, Japan and Korea.
There is a recent influx of Hispanics: Peruvians, Bolivians, Paraguayans. In South America, a free Republican University is very popular, many students who come to study remain Uruguay. Many people from neighboring Argentina and Brazil, who often travel to Uruguay to spend their vacation, have chosen it as their permanent residence. The recent trend shows that North Americans and Europeans are choosing Uruguay to spend their last years. Immigrants tend to integrate into society, rather than live in separate communities.
Based on the 2011 census data, there are currently around 77,000 immigrants. As of October 2014, Uruguay receives a new immigration flow of Syrians and other people from the Middle East as a result of the Syrian civil war.

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