How to move to Pakistan
Modern Pakistan emerged as a result of the partition of the Hindustan subcontinent in 1947. In his lifetime, he often experienced both internal turmoil and regional conflicts.
Created for the state self-determination of Indian Muslims, Pakistan initially consisted of two divided parts. East Pakistan - modern Bangladesh - was on the shores of the Bay of Bengal and bordered on India and Burma. The western part of the country - actually Pakistan - stretches from the Himalayas in the north to the Arabian Sea in the south.
In 1971, East Pakistan, with its predominantly Bengali population supported by India, achieved independence.
In October 1999, the military once again came to power in the country. The civil government, which in many ways lost popular support, was overthrown. The leader of the coup, General Pervez Musharraf, promised to revive the country, but faced serious economic problems and a growing polarization between the wing of militant Islamists and the wing of secular reformers in Pakistani politics.
In the parliamentary elections in February 2008, supporters of President Musharraf were defeated. The opposition People's Party of Pakistan and the Muslim League won. On March 25, the president appointed the candidate of the People's Party Yusuf Reza Gilani as prime minister.
The Pakistani army claims that hundreds of militants suspected of having links with al-Qaida and the Taliban have been arrested in troubled mountainous areas of clan families near the Afghan border. There have already been repeated violent clashes between armed groups and security forces, which have already brought their strength to several tens of thousands of people.
The continuing tension in Pakistan's relations with India over Kashmir raised fears that the region could be dragged into the arms race. However, the ongoing peace process has allowed the two nuclear Powers to withdraw from the escalation of the conflict.
Official name: Islamic Republic of Pakistan Population: 163.9 million people. (UN data, 2007) Capital: Islamabad The largest city: Karachi Area: 796,095 sq. km (excluding Pakistan's occupied Kashmir areas with a total area of 83,716 sq km). Main languages: English, Urdu (state), Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Baluchi Main religion: Islam Average life expectancy (male / female): 63 years / 63 years (UN data) Currency: 1 Pakistani rupee = 100 paises. Main export items: textiles, rice, cotton, leather goods. per capita: $ 690 (World Bank, 2006) Internet domain: .pk Int. People dialing code +92.
The period of the reign of President Pervez Musharraf is marked by a significant increase in press freedom and the liberalization of politics in the field of television and radio broadcasting.
However, in response to the anti-presidential campaign launched by the opposition, in 2007 media standards were tightened. Now the law provides more rights to the regulatory authorities, which can close the disagreeable TV channels.
A few months later, in emergency situations, private cable TV channels were torn down.
The expansion of the private sector on radio and television put an end to the state's actual monopoly on broadcasting, which lasted more than 50 years.
Many in Pakistan are watching international satellite channels, receiving them either through a satellite dish or by cable, and often cable companies operate without licenses.
Among those who can accept them, Indian channels such as "Zi-TV" and "Star-TV" are popular. Of course, these channels do not pass Pakistani censorship - much more rigid than the Indian one.
Licenses were issued to approximately 100 private radio stations broadcasting in the FM (VHF) band, but not all of them are used. Moreover, regulators consider that in the future the country can have more than 800 private radio stations. In this case, private stations are not allowed to conduct information broadcasting.
Regular reports appear on private radio stations illegally broadcasting in the FM band. This particularly applies to the tribal areas of the North-Western Frontier Province. Some of these stations are accused of provoking inter-confessional hostility.
Pakistan and India regularly wage a verbal war through their media and periodically prohibit the broadcasting of the other party on their territory.
The Pakistani authorities use a variety of legal and constitutional powers to restrict freedom of the press. For example, the law on blasphemy is often used against journalists. However, by the standards of South Asia, the Pakistani print media are quite sharp tonalities.
As of March 2007, the Pakistan Association of Internet Service Providers, the country has three to five million Internet users. Some sites are filtered by the authorities. A few bloggers, the number of which grows, write on political topics.
"Daily Jang" - the most mass daily newspaper, published in Karachi, in Urdu language "Don" ("Dawn") - is published in Karachi, the most mass newspaper in English "Nation" - published in Lahore, in English "Frontier Post "- published in Peshawar, in English" News "- a daily newspaper in English, published by the group Jang" Daily Ausaf "- published in Islamabad, in Urdu" The Daily Times "- in English" Pakistan Observer "- a daily newspaper, published in Islamabad "Business Recorder" - a business daily newspaper "Pakistan and Gulf Economist" - cases howling weekly "Fried Times" - English-language weekly, published in Lahore.
The Pakistani television corporation belongs to the state, broadcasts on the channels PTV-1, PTV-National, PTV Bolan and PTV-World ATV-semi-commercial terrestrial television Geo-TV, a private satellite channel, includes Geo- News "" Don News "- a private satellite channel, belongs to the group Herald, the first channel in English" Ajd TV "- a private satellite channel, belongs to the group Business Recorder" Indus-TV "- a private satellite company, owns the channels" Indus Vision " "Hindu Plus", "Hindus News" and "Hindus Music" "ARY Digital" - private satellite channel, includes the news service "ARY Worldwide"
"Radio Pakistan" belongs to the state, it broadcasts more than 20 radio stations in the country, including the youth network FM 101, has also the service of the international radio "Azad Kashmir" - belongs to the state "Mast FM-103" - music commercial radio station "FM-100" "- a network of music commercial radio stations broadcasting in the FM band.
The report was prepared by the BBC Monitoring Service.
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How to move to Pakistan