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All about Sweden: a short course.

All about Sweden: a short course.
Sweden is one of the largest countries in Europe with a surprisingly diverse nature and climate. The yellow-blue flag of the Kingdom of Sweden symbolically reflects the centuries-old connection of the country with its northern neighbors. Start an acquaintance with Sweden here!
Photo by Mikko Nikkinen /
All about Sweden: a short course.
Sweden is one of the largest countries in Europe with a surprisingly diverse nature and climate. The yellow-blue flag of the Kingdom of Sweden symbolically reflects the centuries-old connection of the country with its northern neighbors. Start an acquaintance with Sweden here!
So - Sweden!
Sweden is distinguished by a low population density (10 million people live there - less than in Moscow), a long sea coast, dense forests and countless lakes. It is one of the most northern countries in the world. By area it is comparable with Spain, Thailand or with the American state of California. The borders of Sweden have not changed since 1905, and in wars the country has not participated since 1814 - which makes Sweden one of the most peace-loving countries on the globe.
Contrasts of day and night.
For Sweden, there is a sharp contrast between a long light day in summer and equally long nights in winter. In the summer in the Swedish north, beyond the Arctic Circle, the sun shines round the clock. White nights extend to the south, up to Stockholm (59 degrees north latitude, slightly south of St. Petersburg), where twilight in June falls only a few hours.
The Gulf Stream.
Given the northern position of the country, the Swedish climate is relatively mild. The reason for this is the Gulf Stream, a warm ocean current washing the west coast of neighboring Norway. For several periods in the history of Scandinavia, it was completely covered with ice. The last of the glacial periods in the area of present-day Stockholm ended about ten thousand years ago, but the impact of the descending glacial masses on the local landscape is still evident today. Under the onslaught of ice, sharp rock protrusions were hanging in the skerries, hills and boulders typical of the Swedish archipelago. Lodges are transformed into valleys and lakes.
Wealth of wildlife.
The variety of landscapes of Sweden corresponds to the abundance of its fauna: from wolves and brown bears in the north to roe deer and wild boar in the south. Biological diversity is the result of the richness of the plant and water world.
Large by European standards, the country extends from north to south for a distance comparable to the distance from Murmansk to Moscow. According to the climatic zone, coniferous forests dominate in Sweden, in particular pine and spruce forests. The more southerly, the more often they are joined by deciduous groves: birch and aspen. The most southern part of Sweden is the gentle, picturesque fields and hills, thinned by coppice and surrounded by long sandy beaches. Due to the soil rich in limestone, in combination with a mild climate, the islands of Gotland, Oland and some areas of the Scandinavian mountains are characterized by a special flora - including a variety of orchids.
Facts and figures.
Total area: 528,447 square kilometers, the third largest country in Western Europe, after France and Spain.
Lifespan: Men - 80 years, women - 84 years.
Population born outside the country: 15%
Religion: The Church of Sweden is Evangelical-Lutheran. Numerous other confessions and religions are also represented in the country.
Form of government: Constitutional monarchy, parliamentary democracy.
Parliament: Riksdag, unicameral, 349 deputies.
Education: 9 years of compulsory school education, the majority of pupils study for 12 years (including "gymnasium" - an analogue of the senior classes in Russia). About a third continue their education in universities and colleges.
Working hours: Standard working week - 40 hours, minimum paid leave - 5 weeks.
GDP per capita (PPP): SEK 372,800.
GNI per capita: SEK 381,100.
The population of the largest cities (including suburbs):
The main export products are: Machinery and transport equipment, chemicals and plastic products, electronics and telecommunications equipment, energy products, industrial equipment, road vehicles, minerals, food products.
National parks.
In 1910 Sweden became the first European state to establish national parks. The beginning was laid in the mountains of Norrland, a region in the north of the country. This helped to save one of the last corners of the virgin nature in Europe from destruction. Then, throughout the whole of Sweden, vast territories were declared protected areas and protected areas of cultural heritage.
The rule of universal access to natural lands (allemansratten) states that everyone can walk about forests and meadows, gather berries and mushrooms - without the separate permission of landowners. But this right is also connected with the obvious duties: to respect private property and to take care of nature carefully.
Geography of Sweden.
The length from north to south: 1.574 km.
The length from west to east: 499 km.
Urban and industrial areas: 3%
Agricultural land: 8%
The highest mountain: Kebnecaise (2,103 m)
The largest lake: Vinern (5,650
National symbols of Sweden.
The official Swedish heraldry is the yellow-and-blue flag, the national symbol "Three Crowns", the national anthem, and the coat of arms in two versions: large and small. The most ancient images of a blue flag with a yellow cross, which have survived to this day, date back to the 16th century. The symbol of the yellow cross in the Swedish army from time immemorial was applied to banners and standards. It is based on the outlines of the ancient emblem of the kingdom with a blue background, divided into four parts by a golden cross. The sign of the "three crowns" was used as the state emblem of Sweden, at least since 1336, but long before it was known to Europeans as a symbol of "The Three Wise Kings".
Since 1916, the Swedish Flag Day appeared on the Swedish calendar - June 6. In 1983, it was renamed the National Day of Sweden, and in 2004 it was proclaimed a state holiday and a weekend. The date was chosen at once for two reasons: on June 6, 1523, the first Swedish King Gustav Vasa ascended the throne and on the same day in 1809 the country adopted a new Constitution that granted subjects civil liberties and rights.
The national anthem of Sweden.
The text "Du Gamla, Du Fria" ("You are ancient, you are free") was composed by the author of ballads, folklorist Richard Dubeck (1811-1877), and his musical basis was the folk melody of the middle of the XIX century from the province of Westmanland in central Sweden. At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, this ballad was so popular that it was declared the national anthem of Sweden.
The hymn of Sweden sounds on June 6 throughout the country.
You may also be interested.
Summer in Sweden: 10 ideas.
Ecology as a norm of life.
Amazing Sweden: 10 unusual hotels.
Animal Rights in Sweden.
As in Sweden they struggle with garbage.
Swedish language: a lag? lag!
This is the official website of Sweden. All about our country in Russian.
This site is managed by the Swedish Institute.

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